Hypertensive Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

There are different types of diseases that can affect the cardiovascular system, each having its own inherent causes and dangers. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and hypertensive cardiovascular disease are two common types of diseases that affect the heart.

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is most commonly known as coronary heart disease. This condition involves the hardening of the heart arteries. It is attributed to the build up of fat deposits, which essentially clog up the heart’s arteries, limiting the blood and oxygen flow and supply to the heart. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease will result in shortness of breath, chest pains and eventually a heart attack. Treatment for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease can include nitrates, diuretics, and in more severe cases, heart surgery.

Hypertensive cardiovascular disease is a heart condition that involves high blood pressure, causing the heart to pump blood against increased pressure. Those that suffer from hypertensive cardiovascular disease may often have shortness of breath, fatigue and overall weakness. The disease will usually thicken the blood vessel walls of the heart, making heart failure, heart attacks and strokes a high risk.

Facts from the Center for Disease Control:

  • More than one in every four people die of heart disease in the United States.
  • Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women.
  • Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease.
  • Every year, about 785,000 Americans have a first heart attack. Another 470,000 who have already had one or more heart attacks have another attack.
  • In 2011, heart disease was expected to cost the United States $444 billion in health care services, medications and lost productivity.

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